Breaking It Down, and Breaking It In

It’s been exactly three months since we arrived here in New Zealand from Seattle to get aboard our new FPB 70. What on earth have we been doing all this time? And shouldn’t we be gone from here by now?

Right up front, a disclaimer: this post is going to be all about the boat stuff. Those of you, friends, relations, and other dear readers, who are not boat geeks but rather hoping for pics of pretty anchorages or fascinating tales set in remote corners of the globe, might be disappointed in this one. Don’t worry; we won’t hold it against you if you swipe left on us today. And our next one will be pics of all our interior spaces, taken by a professional photographer. So there’s that.

Difficult as it probably is to believe, we have spent virtually every day since our arrival working on getting our boat and ourselves passage-ready. The activities involved fall into several categories applying to all new boat builds. In our particular case, we also had to plan on some extra challenges by virtue of being the first (of only two) FPB 70s to be built. I’ll break it down for you.

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Infant Mortality

Much of the equipment aboard our boats, especially the stuff without a lot of moving parts, can render many years of good performance. But if it is going to fail, it’s likely to happen in the early days of use. So in addition to accumulating at least 200 hours of engine running time, we have made it a point to use and monitor all the systems we can. Stan calls it “trying to break stuff.”

We’ve had just a few suspected cases of infant mortality, most of those minor. Only one had us very concerned at the time.

On our way steaming back to port from a couple of nights spent anchored at Great Barrier Island, Stan emerged from the engine room and said, “I don’t want to alarm you, but I need you to back way off on the throttle and slow down. My shaft is bulging.”

I shrugged and threw up my hands. “Really? NOW? Can’t you see that sailboat getting ready to cross our bow… what, you can’t wait 15 minutes?” He turned away, muttering something about bellows, and propellers. Probably working on some better phrasing before calling Thomas at Circa with his concerns, is my guess. (Though while I can’t claim much knowledge about our drive train, even I can appreciate that a propeller shaft seal failure would result in large volumes of sea water entering the engine room, never a good state of affairs.)

Thomas did have an explanation for this one: at some point during the build of our boat, the manufacturer of our prop shaft seals made a minor design change. Our two shaft seals are from two different lots, and they don’t match exactly in appearance when we are underway, although they are both functioning just fine.

So that story had a happy ending! So to speak.

Personal Choices

We had made innumerable decisions after communicating via e-mail or Skype, in a data-driven kind of way. But there are many choices that shouldn’t be made remotely. “You just have to be there,” as they say. So here we were, and it was time to confront such choices as where we would like some of our door latches… towel racks… art work hung… storm anchor.

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Yeah, about that storm anchor. We didn’t want to weigh down the bow by putting it in the forepeak, not to mention the difficulty (and by difficulty, I mean impossibility) of us lifting it out of there the two of us. So we put it about halfway up the foredeck as you can see above. Looks fine to us. But we’ve had numerous conversations over cocktail hour about the challenge of actually, in real life, deploying and retrieving the thing even from such a convenient spot.

Instruction

We’ve spent many days getting instruction from the talent at Circa, and others, in the design and operation of our systems, in addition to training for Stan in close quarters maneuvering. The latter he found surprisingly challenging. We’ve never had a twin-engine boat before, though our propellers don’t have the distance between them that many twins have. After loads of practice, though, things finally clicked for him and now he’s docking and undocking like a boss.

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It’s a bit overwhelming, how much there is to learn. The Maretron monitoring system has evolved over recent years, giving us more data at our fingertips. But until it becomes familiar, that volume of data can be distracting. Let’s just say the screen above (one of ten we have configured at the moment) was NOT my friend when first I gazed upon its mysteries. But I’ve since warmed to it.

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While we’ve always used Furuno radars, the beefy, commercial unit we chose as our primary here has a different interface than we’re used to. (It was a week before I realized that the ARPA I was looking for is, for reasons obscure to me, called TT on this one.)

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Our electrical panel was particularly intimidating when we first laid eyes on it, but we’ve grown to love its logic and convenience. Power management seems easier on this boat, and our 12 solar panels make it so that we have to remind ourselves to exercise our generator, Onan the Barbarian, on occasion because we are not dependent on it to meet our needs.

Changes and additions after the fact

Several things occurred to us after moving aboard and using the boat that we want, need, and must have. Examples include a place to stow our flopper stopper plates on the aft deck.

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Circa mounted a rack for them on the aft face of our barbecue cabinet. This works perfectly: the plates are bigger and heavier than the ones we used on previous boats, and now they are stowed just a couple of steps from where they get deployed.

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This is the same photo I used to point out the storm anchor, but you can also see, built into the forward mast structure just forward of the windlass and above the Samson post, a horizontal rectangular opening whose purpose is to function as a fairlead for a snubber or other line extending over the bowsprit.

What we found when we did use a snubber on our anchor chain in strong wind, though, was that the line sawed itself back and forth across the space as the boat kited in the wind. This made not only an outstanding opportunity for chafe, but also an infernal noise. While it wasn’t possible to have the gorgeous trumpet-shaped fairlead we had on the 64, Thomas did make us a bolt-on fairlead, which is getting its initial test as I write this, at anchor in the Bay of Islands (chafe guard pending.)

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Boat One Issues

The ultimate assessment of a new boat design doesn’t happen until the boat is built and gets in the water and underway. Lots of kicking of tires, and recording and evaluating of data, happened during Circa’s 6 weeks of builder’s trials after she first splashed in early August. Once we got aboard in mid-September and began using her in a sustained and practical way, we identified a few issues, some more mission-critical than others.

The first flaw that came to light we mistook for a case of infant mortality. We have two pairs of Victron inverters, each pair in a master-slave configuration, to provide 230 Volt power from our house battery bank. This is designed for redundancy, but also so that, should we decide to pile on a great demand for AC power, we can run both pairs simultaneously and have them share the load.

One of the master inverters failed, with a high-temperature error message. The Victron techs in Auckland could find nothing wrong with it, but the failure kept repeating, so we traded it out for a new unit… only to have it fail in the same way.

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You can see the empty space where the failing inverter, in the left foreground, had been removed for replacement. Out of view, hanging on a bulkhead perpendicular to that missing inverter, is a Victron 240/120 autotransformer. Its purpose is to convert 240 volt AC power to 120 volts, in case our separate 120 volt inverter (also not shown) fails. The autotransformer was interfering enough with air circulation on one side that it caused the inverter to overheat. Problem easily solved, and will be avoided on the 70 currently under construction.

Another example is our swimstep/boarding gate ladder. You can see it mounted on the swimstep in the pic below of our aft deck, with us tied at the fuel dock. Clever design in that it can be folded down from that position to become a swim ladder, or lifted out of that space and inserted on either side ahead of the tenders, where it can fold down and become a dockside boarding ladder.

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The problem with it is its weight. There’s simply no way for me to sling that thing around on the deck. But even Stan had a lot of difficulty, with a risk of the ladder or Stan going overboard while attempting to deploy or retrieve it. On top of that, we might have deformed it beyond repair by squashing it against a dock piling. But if that did happen, it certainly would have been a deliberate statement on our part, and not due to any lack of skill, or lapse in attention while docking. Not at all.

Circa’s making us a new and improved version, which should be finished tomorrow. The existing one will probably make a fine stern anchor though!

The final example I’ll mention is the one truly serious issue we have found aboard this wonderful boat, and that is our steering. We have all kinds of redundancy and failsafe systems in place to handle loss of steering control from various points of failure, which discussion will wait for a future blog post. Our normal steering control is via a Simrad AP70 autopilot, and a pair of identical Accusteer pumps intended for redundancy, but also with the ability to easily engage the second one as a “dock pump” or “boost pump” for close quarters maneuvering (or challenging sea states) when quicker rudder response is desirable.

During our initial outings maneuvering the boat under unrealistic conditions (high speeds and hard acceleration while cranking the rudders hard over) we saw frequent failures, even with the boost pump engaged: the autopilot would alarm with “loss of rudder control,” and require the push of a few keys to get steering control back to the autopilot. Not a good feeling. Under commonly encountered conditions underway like 1.5-2 meter quartering seas, the same failure occurs, although not (so far) if the main and the boost pump are both engaged. Clearly not an acceptable state of affairs. Lots of phone and e-mail discussions have ensued with Steve Dashew, with all the relevant parties at Circa, and with industry experts. I won’t delve into the proposed solution since we are awaiting parts before it can be implemented. But we will be sure to update this post; our sigh of relief should be audible wherever you happen to be.

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Stan enjoys a cocktail on the house roof forward of the Matrix Deck.

In the meantime, it’s been mostly work and no play, but we have gotten to enjoy some lovely evenings at anchor at Great Barrier Island (above,) the Bay of Islands, and Auckland area.

The best news is that it finally feels like we are getting to the end of this phase. Living aboard and operating our Buffalo is becoming embedded in our muscle memory, and our thoughts are turning to what awaits us in distant cruising grounds.

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16 thoughts on “Breaking It Down, and Breaking It In

  1. Fun to get the first post on the new boat! Sounds like it’s going well and can’t believe you have been gone 3 months !! I look forward to more posts and photos:)

  2. Valerie
    Good to see the process of patient learning how a new boat works.
    I am interested in your steering system specs given the early issues with steering control that you have identified to date. A friend of mine is building a boat similar to your new boat…his is a little longer/more displacement, but similar design concept. He has chosen a single engine configuration. He plans to install twin Kobelt Accu Steer 300HPU’s to provide the hydraulic power / redundancy via twin Kobelt 7080 B12 cylinders, again the second is for redundancy. I am curious to understand which Accu Steer HPU’s you installed and which cylinders.

    Your new tender looks fantastic.
    Where will you store the gasoline supply?

    regards
    Anthony

    1. Hi Anthony, Since some of those components are in a state of flux right now, you’ll have to stand by. But I promise an update with the specs for the pumps and rams once we get it all sorted!

      1. Thanks for the link, Anthony. I will read it. (Oh boy, more tales of steering pump woes! At least there are gorgeous pictures of Norway cruising to lessen the pain!)

  3. Great to see you both on this beautiful new boat again, Wishing you many great and safe travels. Always remember the adventures we all had in different countries with lots of fun.

    Warm regards, Rita Goedecke

  4. Hi Valerie,

    Thank you for the insight in getting used to a new, complex boat. Speaking of complex, is your main radar a Furuno 1518?

      1. Hi Anthony, the open array antenna is 6.5 feet. Our secondary radar is the Furuno DRS4D-NXT, a solid state with Doppler, and a 24 inch Radome. This model does not (yet, anyway) come with an open array antenna.

      2. Thanks!

        BTW: Fast is the pace in marine electronics, now it comes as an open array as well: DRS6ANXT. Solid state open array with doppler.

  5. Congrats!!! You are the owners of the hottest power-cruising boat in the planet. Q: that fairlead for the snubber looks very chafe prone. What are you guys ( and the Dashew-guru crew) using as anti-chaffe material? Best wishes, have a lot of fun.

    1. Thanks, Carlos! What we are using is a chafe guard we bought from a local rope company here in New Zealand. It’s nylon mesh on the outside bonded to rubber inside, comes in a flat roll and resembles fire hose. Seems to work well though after such a short period of use I don’t think we can make a strong judgment.

  6. Perhaps I’ve missed this somewhere else in FPB land, but what’s with the steering wheel at the aft end of the house? Congrats on the new boat, love your blog!

    1. Chris, I’m not sure Steve ever got into this in the SetSail blog, but that wheel is for manual steering, and is one of the (numerous) steering failsafes on the 70. I will outline them all in a blog post soon. But meanwhile, this wheel will work if there is complete loss of power to the autopilot computers (both of them) and to the steering pumps, but assumes the hydraulic system is intact.

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